Artificial Intelligence Making A Number Of Industries Safer, Not Just Vehicles

Most of us know exactly how scary a car accident can be. This is especially true when someone is injured in the collision. Arriving authorities, paramedics included, must often administer immediate treatments after making a diagnosis — and rarely is there any time at all to hesitate. Because there is so little time when lives are in the balance, misdiagnosis of injuries after a car accident is a common form of medical malpractice.

We know the story here at home, but how about abroad? It turns out the statistics are very familiar: The European Commission of Mobility and Transport acknowledged that about 44 percent of car accident-related fatalities might not have occurred had reliable and accurate information been recorded directly after the accident.

Believe it or not, most fatalities that result from car accidents don’t actually occur at the scene of the accident — they occur either in transport to the hospital, at the hospital, or even at home. The ECMT said about 32 percent of recorded car accident fatalities occurred when victims were transported to the wrong hospital for their injuries, while 12 percent died because no information was available at all.

That’s where artificial intelligence comes into play.

Machine learning has grown exponentially over the last few years, and is expected to grow at the same or greater rate for decades longer. 

A company called MDGo founded by Dr. Itay Bengad, Eli Zerah, and Gilad Avrashi last year is combining artificial intelligence and machine learning technology with healthcare, especially in the niche of car accidents. MDGo is using a predictive technology using sensors that already exist on new vehicles.

These sensors would automatically provide doctors and surgeons with real-time information on the nature of the car accident and the likely injuries sustained by passengers at the time of the crash. The report includes damage to the vehicle — but more importantly it will provide specific information about the injuries sustained, such as type of injury and severity. 

The information will also help first responders and coordinators make better decisions about where to send patients for the most accurate treatment possible. In the future, it is likely the MDGo tech will be combined with driverless vehicles to provide even more information about the circumstances related to the car accident.

The AI is expected to reduce car accident-related fatalities both short- and long-term, while also slashing healthcare expenses for those who need post-accident care. Better yet, the system should reduce the number of lawsuits that result from these accidents.

Who Will Be Held Liable For Car Accidents Involving Driverless Vehicles?

It’s a question you’ll hear asked often enough in the coming years as more and more car manufacturers begin to add automated cars to their yearly lineup: who is liable for an accident involving a driverless vehicle? Many car manufacturers are adding features similar to Tesla’s autopilot already, software which is itself becoming much more advanced and allows the driver to hand over control to the onboard computer when driving on certain roads.

Apple is working on a program of its own and has about 66 driverless minivans operating in California. The Audi A8 will allow drivers to remove their hands from the steering wheel already, but only at speeds at or below 37 mpg. Volvo is aiming for a 2021 rollout for self-driving technology. BMW plans to get their own driverless vehicles on the road in the same year. 

No matter where you look, it seems like the early 2020s will be the era of the autonomous vehicle, and most car manufacturers are aiming for similar target dates. These vehicles will not be fully autonomous — they won’t use fully enabled level 5 automation, in other words. Instead they’ll rely on weak level 4 or advanced level 3 automation, which basically means the driver still needs to maintain awareness of what the technology is doing in order to prevent accidents.

Unfortunately for the drivers, this will place the burden of liability squarely on their shoulders in the foreseeable future. Most “scandals” involving driverless vehicle accidents until now are the result of lazy human passengers who decided to place trust in a technology that wasn’t supposed to be trusted yet. That makes them mostly responsible for the resulting injuries and fatalities.

However at some point in the future we will reach level 5 automation and passengers in these vehicles will not be expected to pay attention to the road. When this happens the burden of liability will shift primarily from the passenger over to other parties, including manufacturers, used car dealerships, and potentially mechanics or would-be saboteurs. The only case in which the driver would still be held responsible would be if the driver had tried to reprogram or work on the vehicle in a way that rendered the onboard software defective.

Unsurprisingly, the United States Federal Government is still slow to write new laws for the new technology. The Brits have outpaced us, already preparing for the future of driverless vehicles — and quite possibly they’ll therefore have legal access to these vehicles faster than we will if politicians don’t speed things up!

The New Car Technology That Will Make Your Trip To Work Easier In 2020

Automobiles are changing. Technological progress follows an exponential curve, which means the more time goes by, the faster technology changes. This is especially true for cars, which are beginning to implement safety tech faster than ever before. What’s more, some newer vehicles are even using learning software to “teach” older models how to drive more safely. These are a few of the new car technologies that will make your trip to work just a little bit easier in 2020 and beyond.

The 2020 Nissan Altima. Although the price is going up, so are its capabilities. The “Safety Shield 360” will implement a “ProPilot Assist” that will automatically keep a driver from veering too far from the center of a lane. An adaptive cruise control will also function somewhat like Tesla’s Autopilot does (during some highway driving, you can hand over most of the responsibility to the computer so long as your hands are on the steering wheel and you’re ready to take over at a moment’s notice).

In addition, the Altima will detect pedestrians and automatically brake when necessary. The cameras will monitor and detect cars both in front of you and behind, providing collision warnings or, once again, braking when necessary. There are a number of other safety features included in the package.

Toyota Manufacturing. This carmaker plans to introduce a number of electric vehicles in the coming years, which should help it catch up to other carmakers who are already doing the same. Toyota had previously provided a sales outline that included 5.5 million electric cars by 2030, but now the company has moved up the timeline to 2025.

Toyota also plans to unveil a solid-state battery “if possible” by the time the Olympic games take place. This follows an agreement by Toyota and Panasonic to research, develop, and manufacture batteries based on solid-state designs. In order to increase sales of both these batteries (when they release) and its platform of electric vehicles, Toyota has also paired with Subaru.

Toyota Lexus. This automaker recently unveiled plans for the “Lexus Safety System Plus” standardization in 2020. These safety measures help vehicles detect potential crashes in order to prevent them. The Lexus version of adaptive cruise control doesn’t work like the Altima’s; instead, it allows you to set both speed and following distance. If the set speed would take you too close to the car in front of yours, then the vehicle will slow down.

The vehicles will also come with automatic high beams to prevent blinding unwary drivers, lane departure warnings (steering-wheel vibration in conjunction with audio-visual warnings), and automatic emergency braking to prevent crashing into the vehicle in front of you. The Lexus will also detect pedestrians.

 

Driving At Night Is Dangerous

According to the National Safety Council, the risk of a fatal crash is three times greater at night than it is during the day. Factors contributing to this include night vision, rush hour traffic, impaired drivers from drugs and alcohol, shorter days and fatigue. It also doesn’t help that in dark things such as depth perception, color recognition, and peripheral vision all decrease. Bright headlights from oncoming traffic can also cause a driver to squint or be temporarily blinded from the road. And on dark roads with no street lights, visibility from headlights even on the highest setting is reduced up to 50%.

So what can you do to help prevent accidents at night? Make sure your headlights are aimed correctly and are thoroughly cleaned. Avoid speeding to make sure you can stop in time and clean your windshield to eliminate glare from oncoming headlights. If you wear glasses, making sure the lens are anti-reflective can also help at night.

If you suffer from bad night vision, the American Optometric Association recommends having annual vision exams, driving slowly, minimize the amount of distracted driving at night (such as listening to the radio or bringing passengers into the car). Elderly people might suffer from cataracts or degenerative eye disease so it recommended that they don’t drive at night.

A National Sleep Foundation poll says that 60% of adults have driven while they were tired and roughly 4 million of them have admitted that they have caused a crash by falling asleep while driving. The National Highway Traffic and Safety Administration said that 100,000 police reported crashes were a result of driver fatigue. To prevent drowsy driving, getting proper sleep at night and only driving during hours you are normally awake can help prevent accidents.

Driving at night is unavoidable but if there’s option to wait until morning, it might be the safest thing you can do.

Could A Hacker Cause Your Car Accident in 2019?

The world is growing increasingly complex. Our technology sometimes seems to get away from us, so the question of whether or not our safety standards are outpacing it is worth asking. Unfortunately, it seems like safety standards will never be enough. There are creative criminals out there working to hack into your vehicles–heck, even the government could become a capable car hacker in the years ahead. Yes, it is possible for a hacker to cause a car accident in 2019.

There are only about 330 million people living in the United States–including those who are too young or too old to drive–but somehow we manage to register about 250 million vehicles every year in our country alone. That’s a scary statistic, since many of those cars are new. These are the vehicles that are more likely to be connected to wi-fi, and that means that hackers can potentially do some damage.

But how do they do it?

They do it by hijacking the controller area network (or CAN) that cars use. Think of it as your car’s “brain” sending out signals to various parts, each performing a separate task. CAN’s creators didn’t really consider cybersecurity when they developed it in the 80s, so now we’re at risk.

All right, so hackers can take over your vehicle. What can they do?

Well, what they can do is determined by which parts of your vehicle are controlled by that computer automation. The list is getting more expansive year by year: stability control, anti-lock brakes, airbags, headlights, lane guidance, or even Tesla’s controversial autopilot system. This is all child’s play compared to the inevitable wave of automated vehicles on the horizon. When full automation is allowed on the roads, then hackers can do a lot more.

How do I know if my vehicle has been hacked?

When your car’s electronics stop working or start to behave erratically, you might blame hacking. If you suspect this to be the case, then it’s time to contact a lawyer. This is especially true if you were injured in a car accident because of the potential intrusion. Your lawyer will help you contact the authorities, perform an investigation, and seek compensation for any damage done.

The Most Common Types Of Motorcycle Accident Injuries

It’s probably not a surprise to anyone that there are a far greater number of motorcycle accident injuries than automobile accident injuries. Bikes aren’t nearly as safe as motor vehicles or trucks, and that can only be compounded by the thrill-seeking personality of most motorcyclists. Insurance premiums for these vehicles are often more expensive not only because of the number of accidents, but also because of how catastrophic they usually are.

Here are a few of the most common types of motorcycle accident injuries:

Road Rash. Have you ever had a really bad rug burn? A terrible noogie? Well, road rash is indescribably worse. When your bike tips and slides at high speeds, you’ll suffer from road rash. At that point you may have been flung away from the bike and started to rub against the pavement all by yourself. No protective gear or clothing is enough to prevent the skin loss that results.

The injury is often made worse by subsequent irritation, inflammation, and infection. Hopefully you won’t need skin grafts.

Muscle. Doctors and surgeons will often notice muscle damage after motorcycle accidents. If an accident leaves you paralyzed, your muscles will start to wither away. Any major injury will require physical therapy in order to build you back up to where you were before the accident.

Don’t forget about the loud sounds of the roadways–wear earplugs or buy a helmet that protects your ears in order to prevent bursting eardrums of an increased chance of deafness later in life.

Legs and Arms. When you fall–this is after the road rash but before the muscle damage becomes permanent–you’ll likely experience damage to the leg and arm on the side of the impact. Broken or shattered bones are commonplace, or perhaps you’ll be fortunate enough to experience only scrapes and lacerations.

Biker’s arm occurs because of the instinctual reaction to being flung from a high-speed vehicle. When you place your hands and arms in front of your face, you won’t just suffer from broken bones–you’ll suffer from nerve damage.

Other. You’re also prone to permanent disfigurement, amputation, paralysis, and traumatic brain injury (or TBI). About ten percent of individuals who experience TBI cannot live on their own after the accident because of permanent neurological damage. Be sure to wear a helmet when you’re on the road!

What Kind Of New Technology Can Help Prevent Car Accidents?

New technology is saving lives, but you might not have heard about it. Part of the reason is because a lot of the new technologies involved aren’t as flashy as Tesla’s autopilot or the full automation that Google and Uber are beginning to employ in new vehicles. A chief research officer at the U.S. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety, David Zuby, thinks that these systems might do more to prevent injuries and deaths than seatbelts or airbags ever could. Here are a few of the newest systems.

  • Electronic Stability Control (ESC). This system is now mandatory in Canada because it helps stop out of control vehicles even in inclement weather. ESC slashes engine power and brakes individual wheels one at a time rather than all at once. The technology has resulted in a nearly 50 percent fatality rate reduction since it was implemented.
  • Automatic Emergency Braking (AEB). This system can prevent the common fender bender, which we’ve probably all experienced at least once by the time we’re a few decades old. They’re the most common type of car accident, but AEB prevents nearly half of them from occurring. When it fails, it still blunts the impact enough to slash injury rate by another half.
  • Blind Spot Warning. Most newer cars will alert you when another vehicle enters your blind spot. The warning light usually flashes red on your side mirrors. Other blind spot warning systems will send a vibration through your steering wheel when a car is detected–but only if you’re trying to make a lane change. The technology cuts accidents by about 14 percent.
  • Other Warnings. Some vehicles will let you know when your car is drifting out of its lane by vibrating the steering wheel or flashing a light. Some will automatically steer you back into the right lane. Other systems will alert the driver when another car is to the side or behind them when backing out of a parking space.

While these new systems certainly help reduce the number of dangers we face on the streets, they don’t eliminate them. In fact, there is some evidence that suggests some drivers will drive more recklessly because of these new safety systems. Be wary while on the road!

Who’s Liable If An Open Car Door Is Hit?

True story: I was driving to work this morning when the truck in front of me took off the door of a car parked next to the sideway. This made me curious. Who is at fault? I can’t believe the woman opened her car door when there was clearly a huge truck heading in her direction but I also can’t believe the truck hit the door – he didn’t even attempt to slow down. He then pulled over and got out of the truck while I continued forward and went to work. But now I’m wondering how does one even put in a claim for this type of accident.

The answer is a resounding “it depends.” Most of the time it is the person opening the car door who is the one who is at fault. The person driving was following all traffic laws (maybe he was speeding but so was everyone else on the road). He could not have been aware that the person would open the door, therefore, he cannot be responsible or any damage sustained to her car door or to his car. There a ton of traffic laws that state a variation of the following: no person shall open the door of a vehicle on the side available to moving traffic unless it is reasonably safe to do so.

However, that doesn’t fully get the truck driver off the hook. As I said, he might have been speeding which might be held against him. The woman could have thought she had the safety time to open her door but because he was driving so fast she didn’t have as much time as she thought. Also, I just saw the truck hit the door if the door was opened he should have seen it and had ample time to adjust his driving, therefore, making him at fault for the accident.

I will keep wondering what happens…

Product Liability: Takata Airbags

Sometimes, social media curate the news, and sometimes they make the news with various memes and #hashtags that go viral to create news items of general interest of their own.

Sometimes, the news will create its own hashtag, and not in a good way. Why? Because this hashtag actually doesn’t make it into social media; it’s just a PR nightmare.

#Takata is not a thing on social media, but it is a dangerous word in the automotive industry these days. So in its own way, Takata has become a “thing.”

Takata is a Japanese firm that has a contract with many U.S. and foreign automakers for manufacturing the airbag systems in hundreds of models of vehicles on the road. It has been a trusted partner, until about two years ago, when an initial recall was ordered from some defective airbags. Those few defective airbags eventually morphed into the largest auto recall of any kind in automotive history.

How large is it? Well consider that Takata has been manufacturing and installing airbags into model cars for as many as 19 different automakers over 14 model years (2002 to 2015). If you carry the one, that’s an awful lot of cars to be recalled. Over the last year, the recall has tripled in size and now apparently involves as many as 37 million U.S. vehicles.

The recall stemmed from an inflator inside the airbags, which on occasion would ignite and explode. Other airbags would deploy and send shards of metal from a ruptured inflator casing into the passenger cabin, putting all passengers in the car at risk of injury. The recalls have resulted in several class-action lawsuits over the last couple of years, with many of the automakers suing Takata for relief.

The most recent result came in July, when Ford Motor Company settled with Takata with a deal that would put some compensatory damages in the hands of those involved in the class action p plus other Ford car owners who wish to participate; and Ford will give loaner cars while vehicles are waiting for repairs to the airbags. The parts are backlogged by weeks or months, so the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is helping with the delivery of parts by prioritizing areas with high concentration of Takata airbags, as well as those vehicles which seem to have a higher risk of explosion to gain top priority for any new parts delivery.

In the meantime, the NHTSA is asking owners of model-year vehicles from 2002 to 2015 to refer to their vehicle identification number (VIN) and enter it into an online database that can give status updates on any recalls pending for those vehicles, stop ensure that all affected vehicles are found and repaired as quickly as possible, So far, none of the models are deemed undrivable, but extreme caution is urged until the repairs can be made.

What To Do About Motor Vehicle Theft

Motor vehicle theft occurs when one’s vehicle is taken by another without permission. Technically, such theft would be considered a larceny under the law. A larceny, in simplest terms, is any theft of personal property. However, due to the severity of motor vehicle theft, and the frequency that they occur, the government has designated this form of theft its own category. Thus, motor vehicle theft has its own punishments and laws that come with it.

Penalties For Motor Vehicle Theft

Typically, motor vehicle theft is classified as a misdemeanor or a felony, depending on the state and severity of the crime. However, some states have additional nuanced penalties depending on the type of motor vehicle theft committed. For example, in the state of Alaska, operating the vehicle in “a dangerous way” during the theft increases the potential punishment. In California, if the vehicle stolen was a police car, the level of vehicle theft increases from a misdemeanor to a serious felony. Texas gets even more nuanced — if the vehicle theft was committed in county designated by the governor as disaster area, the penalties are increased. Furthermore, as is typically the case with most crime, repeat offenses increase the severity of the penalties associated with it.

What Do I Do?

Well, if you’re a driver, it is relatively simple to protect yourself from being a victim of motor vehicle theft. There are a few crucial steps to minimize your potential risks. First, always make sure to lock your car doors. Even if you are just going outside your vehicle for a brief moment, this step is imperative. Next, make sure that all of your windows are rolled up completely. Don’t forget the sun roof if your car has one! In addition to these steps, you want to place all valuables out of sight. This means they can go in the trunk, glove compartment, or stay with you. Lastly, you can always opt to put an alarm sticker on your car window, informing potential thieves that you are secure.

If you have been accused of motor vehicle theft, the following steps are not quite as simple. In some cases, this accusation may be truthful, in others, the situation may be far more complex. Regardless, there is one step ubiquitous to all cases: contacting a criminal defense attorney. They can help develop a legal defense to best represent you and your motor vehicle theft case.